By: Patricia Ann Talley, Editor.
My Spanish word of the day is “Apellido.” You will find it on your immigration/declaration form if you fly to/from Mexico. Apellido is a masuline noun meaning “surname” or “family name.” Apellido de soltera indicates “maiden name.”
It is customary in the English-speaking world for men and women to use the last name (or family name/surname) of their father. For African-Americans, the family/surname came from the male owner of the plantation where their ancestors were enslaved – like (George) Washington or (Thomas) Jefferson. In the English world, married women customarily change their last name to their husband’s family name, or sometime use a hyphenated name, combining both their father’s and husband’s last names.
But, names are different in the Spanish-speaking world! In Mexico, and other Spanish-speaking countries, people commonly use the last names of both their father and their mother (in that order). When a woman marries, she usually keeps her full maiden name, rather than adopting her husband’s last name; or, she uses “de” (of) to add-on his family name. Mexicans also use academic titles in front of their names.
Pedro García Fernández is typically addressed as Señor Garcia, or if he is a college graduate, he is addressed as Lic. Garcia. His wife will retain her maiden name of María Piñedo Saavedra that is a combination of her father’s and mother’s family names. If she has an academic title such as a teacher, she is addressed as Maestra Piñedo Saavedra.
Pedro García Fernández and María Piñedo Saavedra have a daughter called Eva. She is known as Eva García Piñedo. This custom is followed in all official documents, though in everyday use many people use only their first surname. So, if Eva García Piñedo married Carlos Hernández Río, she could either keep her own name intact or be known as Señora de Hernández Río. In Latin America, she might also be known as Eva García Piñedo de Hernández.
Warning to Ladies! In today’s global world, it is best not to change your name – add on if you like, but maintain your original family name!